HomeHealthDust Allergy in Children, Know The Triggers and How to Overcome Them

    Dust Allergy in Children, Know The Triggers and How to Overcome Them

    To overcome dust allergies in children, YOU must first know what triggers it. Check out the full explanation according to the following pediatrician.


    When it comes to allergies, it is actually an excessive body reaction to certain foreign bodies or what we call allergens. Allergies can affect anyone, but are more commonly found in children under the age of two. Allergies can occur if the child has a family history of the condition before. It usually attacks three locations in the body, namely the airway, gastrointestinal tract, and skin.

    For dust allergies, the affected part of the body is the airway. Dust allergy itself is usually caused by inhaled allergens. It can be from mites, flower powder, to dust in the house.

    Let’s find out more about dust allergies, based on the explanation of dr. Ajeng Indriastari, Sp.A, pediatrician at Omni Pekayon Hospital and Graha Juanda Hospital

    Dust allergy in children

    Trigger thing

    According to dr. Ajeng, the originator of dust allergy is inhalants. It is a type of allergen that is inhaled through the respiratory tract. Well, this inhalan can be different between in Indonesia and the country of four seasons.

    In Indonesia which is a tropical country, the main problem is high humidity. This makes house dust mites—a kind of tiny microcoscopic insect—easy to breed. These mites can then be a trigger for dust allergies in children.

    Meanwhile, for the country’s four seasons, they experience spring so the inhalation can be pollen.

    In addition to the things mentioned above, dust allergy triggers can be animal fur, cockroach droppings, cigarette smoke, to air pollution.

    Overcoming dust allergies in children

    If you already know what the trigger of allergies, Mommies should consult again to the doctor to find out the right treatment steps. Usually, the doctor will ask about the child’s history of allergies, this is to determine the severity or severity of the condition experienced. Because, the treatment process there are several kinds, adjusted to the allergic condition of each child.

    With drugs


    According to dr. Ajeng, for a history of mild allergies, can be done with the administration of antihistamine or antialergic drugs. So, this drug is used to reduce the symptoms of allergies. These antihistamine drugs usually work quickly and are safe for children from six months of age.

    Nasal saline

    The second, can be with nasal saline, which is an isotonic NaCL salt solution of 0.9%. This type of treatment is usually dripped into the nasal cavity. Its function is to moisturize the nasal cavity and thin the mucus so that it is easily removed.

    Intranasal corticosteroids

    Well, for severe dust allergies, it sometimes takes more than antihistamines or nasal saline. Treatment that can be done is with intranasal corticotreoids or nasal sprays. This nasal spray dose is very low for children because the goal is only to reduce the inflammatory reaction of the nose. The length of the administration varies from a short time to 6 months.

    However, this treatment should not be done alone, Mommies. You also need a doctor’s prescription for the dose. Because, this treatment is intended for allergies that are severe enough that it needs expert treatment.


    Overcoming dust allergies can also be with decongestants that work to shrink swollen blood vessels in the nose due to allergic reactions. Decongestants are indeed among the class of drugs to overcome symptoms such as nasal congestion. The shape can be a nasal spray or something that is drunk directly.


    For the most severe cases of allergies are usually directed to do immunotherapy. “For example, the allergy to dust, then later will be injected dust mites in doses that are small to many so that the body adapts to allergens. This should be with a consultant pediatrician and done when the child’s condition is very severe, “said Dr. Ajeng.

    In addition, dr. Ajeng reminded that antibiotics are not a cure for allergies. This type of medication should only be given if there is a secondary bacterial infection, such as acute sinusitis accompanied by fever symptoms for more than 3 days. “If it is only allergies, you should not need to give antibiotics,” added Dr. Ajeng.

    In addition to drugs

    In addition to treatment, there are several things mommies need to do at home so that dust allergies in children do not get worse. Here are some of them:

    • Doing regular nose cleaning, can be done 2-3 times a day depending on the child’s allergic condition.
    • Regulate the humidity of the room to avoid the growth of mold and dust mites.
    • Keep furry animals away from children if the trigger of dust allergies is indeed animal fur.
    • Avoid contact with dust in the house. The trick, by not piling up a lot of items in the child’s room. As much as possible, make sure the room is only for sleeping, not to be a storage area for goods.
    • Diligently clean the house. Mommies should change bed linen, pillowcases, blankets, and mosquito nets once a week.
    • Drying or vacuuming the mattress at least once a week.
    • Washing the air conditioner once every 2-3 months because of poor circulation can trigger dust allergies in children.
    • Invite your child to play outside the house. As explained earlier, dust mites often eat the remains of human skin so many are found in rooms. Therefore, do not let children spend all day in the room. Mommies can invite him to walk or bike, but of course by paying attention to health protocols.
    • Sunbathing in the morning.

    In essence, according to dr. Ajeng, in overcoming dust allergies in children, it is very important to make a diagnosis and know the trigger first. If you already know, it’s easy for mommies to do prevention or treatment. And most importantly, always consult the condition of the child to the doctor to get comprehensive treatment.


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